Jonah has been thrown overboard, and immediately the sea is calmed.

Though the text doesn’t tell us, I wonder: was Jonah bobbing on the surface of the water long enough to see the power of God calm the storm? Did he hit the raging surface of the sea only to see it immediately calmed? I know we don’t know for sure, but I sure hope so.

Whether or not Jonah sees the storm calmed, we know he is not in the water long.

What happens to Jonah?


We’re going to break down verse 17 grammatically. Harken back to your elementary school days and recall with me the different grammatical elements of a sentence (the below reference is taken from


The subject of a sentence is the person, place, or thing that is performing the action of the sentence. The subject represents what or whom the sentence is about. The simple subject usually contains a noun or pronoun and can include modifying words, phrases, or clauses.

The man . . .


The predicate expresses action or being within the sentence. The simple predicate contains the verb and can also contain modifying words, phrases, or clauses.

The man /  builds a house.

The subject and predicate make up the two basic structural parts of any complete sentence. In addition, there are other elements contained within the subject or predicate that add meaning or detail. These elements include the direct object, indirect object, and subject complement. All of these elements can be expanded and further combined into simple, compound, complex, or compound/complex sentences. (See TIP Sheet on “Sentence Type and Purpose.”)


The direct object receives the action of the sentence. The direct object is usually a noun or pronoun.

The man builds a house.

The man builds it.


An infinitive phrase is a phrase beingining with an infinitive (to + verb) that can function as a nounadjective, or adverb. It expresses a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, etc.

The man builds a house to live in.

Read verse 17, and break it down grammatically:



Direct object:

Adjective (describing “fish”):

This single sentence is bursting with reminders of God’s character. Here is what we see:

Subject: God. God is taking initiative. He acts first, and He alone acts with authority.

Verb: Prepared. God has planned in advance and prepared in His kindness.

Direct object: A great fish. God is truly the God of the sea and dry land – and all that they both contain.

Adjective: to swallow Jonah. God is extending saving grace and His power on behalf of the rebellious Jonah. God is exceedingly kind.


Thank God that He takes initiative on behalf of His people –  including you. Thank Him that He extends mercy, grace, and power to us even when we rebel against Him.




Author: amygannett

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